Embellishment: Surface Manipulation
The manipulation of a garment’s ground fabric is one method that
Americans have used to create ornamentation. Two dramatic
examples are Charles James’s La Sirène evening dress, which is
both ornamented and shaped using horizontal pin tucks, and Isabel
Toledo’s "patchwork" dress, made from several finely fluted panels.
Ralph Rucci’s evening dress is constructed from bands of fabric
knotted on top to create a mesh-covered bodice, then unfurled to
make the 117-piece, gored skirt.